After this defeat, the Romans undertook a comprehensive reform of their army and changed the basic tactical formation from the Greek-style phalanx armed with the hasta spear and the clipeus round shield to a more flexible three-line formation. The Hastati stood in the first line, the Principes in the second line and the Triarii at the third line. While the Triarii were still armed with the hasta, the Hastati and the Principes were rearmed with short swords and heavy javelins. Each soldier from the Hastati and Principes lines carried two javelins. The iron shank was either socketed or, more usually, widened to a flat tang. A pilum usually weighed between two and four kilograms, with the versions produced during the Empire being somewhat lighter. Pictorial evidence suggests that some versions of the weapon were weighted with a lead ball at the base of the shank in order to increase penetrative power, but no archaeological specimens have been found.
Soviet Soldiers at World War 2 in Color
A flyer advertising a May lecture given by Dr. That our marvelous Kingdom should embody this inescapable principle should go without saying from Vienna to Budapest. But there are those, both within our territories and elsewhere on the Continent, that would see us splintered into a thousand shards and stand in the way of our destiny. What is to be done with such agitators and malcontents?
May 05, · We Can Put a Man on the Moon, but Call me, “Tom.” The picture? It’s a dozen years old. I’m a retired infantry officer, lieutenant colonel, a recovering attorney, and a science fiction and military fiction writer for Baen Publishing and Castalia House.
Research shows that spanking children can lead to future aggression and violence Most Americans think spanking is necessary, although the number is declining Experts argue that spanking is ineffective, but parents might rely on it if they were spanked CNN Parents who believe in “spare the rod, spoil the child” might be setting their children up to become violent toward future partners, according to a study published Tuesday in the Journal of Pediatrics.
Bob Sege, a spokesman for the American Academy of Pediatricians who specializes in the prevention of childhood violence. The academy strongly opposes striking a child for any reason, pointing to research that links corporal punishment to mental health disorders and aggression. Read More “This study confirms and extends previous research that says children who experience violence at home, even if it is couched as for their own good, end up using violence later in their lives,” said Sege, who was not involved in the new research.
Having been hit by the parent can elevate stress and reduces a child’s coping skills, so they may lash out. Calling any form “invariably degrading,” the committee’s Global Initiative has persuaded 53 countries since to pass laws banning corporal punishment, even in the privacy of a home. The agency says another 56 countries are working to pass similar laws.
However, it’s legal in the United States for parents to physically punish their children at home, and most think that’s exactly as it should be. It’s a parenting strategy. Our goal is to turn out healthier and happier than previous generations.
Lines of Departure: Our Soldiers Deserved Better Weapons
Tweet Peoples from many lands of the world have used vinegar in many different ways, for thousands of years. Around BC the Babylonians were using the fruit of the date palm to make wine and vinegar to be used as food and a preservative or pickling agent. Vinegar residues were found in urns from ancient Egypt and have been traced to BC.
The first written history of vinegar in China dates to BC. The making of rice vinegar in China goes back years. During biblical times, vinegar was used to flavor foods, drunk as an energizing drink, and used as a medicine.
He Who blessed our forefathers Abraham, Isaac and Jacob — may He bless the fighters of the Israel Defense Forces, who stand guard over our land and the cities of our God, from the border of the Lebanon to the desert of Egypt, and from the Great Sea unto the .
Currently I make my home, with my wife and a couple of children, in Blacksburg, Virginia. I came by it honestly; I acquired it with age. Those are the things that interest me. And, for reasons I hope to make clear over the next several months, those are things that ought to concern everybody else, too. What a success story; an American classic. First, a little history… Think for a moment about another American classic, the Ford Edsel. You know, the Edsel? The byword for commercial failure?
She sent me a video of herself in underwear. Waved at the camera, took a blade to her wrist, wiped the blood into her fingers and waved goodbye. It was like a scene from a horror movie. She threatened to kill me, killed my cat, and dabbled in identity theft. A month later asked that we be friends and that I, like she has tried to do, should not live in the past. My ex tried to gain sympathy from me by cutting her forehead open with a pair of nail scissors after a night out and claiming she was attacked on her way home.
The Dating Catwoman trope as used in popular culture. When the hero of the show and one of the antagonists have a romantic tone right out in the open, as .
As readers might be able to tell from my articles, I find online dating to be interesting both for its methodology and how it has transformed our culture. The author laments his inability to find a relationship via online dating, which he asserts cheapens the entire romantic interaction. But only one date—and I went on close to 50 via online services—made it past the first encounter. That one petered out almost as quickly as the rest. He does at least make what he figures, to be an honest college try: Add an inch to your height, she said, and put a few female writers in your list of favorite authors.
White, Dwight Garner and Tobias Wolff. Oh, how I wish I could be a slut, if only for a little while! Online dating is not his problem. The man simply fails at being attractive. The vast majority of New York girls who sense a man is looking to jump into anything serious will run in the opposite direction. In a culture that punishes men for taking relationships serious, men who are looking for relationships have only two options.
Follow the myriad game advice for making himself the kind of man that girls would want to have a relationship with. One of these paths is hard but worth it.
Teachers brought in three frightened Syrian soldiers, who were jeered and forced to their knees. The youngest boys shot up their hands and several were chosen to participate. Afterward, the teachers ordered the students to pass around the severed heads. Murad 15 says he was abducted and indoctrinated by militants from the self-styled Islamic State, along with some other schoolchildren from Kobani, Syria.
In July of , an armed engagement between a detachment of approximately German soldiers and the remnants of a Russian division scattered during the German counterattack to the Kerensky Offensive took place at the location of SCP
History[ edit ] The earliest known depiction of a phalanx-like formation occurs in a Sumerian stele from the 25th century BC. Here the troops seem to have been equipped with spears , helmets , and large shields covering the whole body. Ancient Egyptian infantry were known to have employed similar formations. Homer used the term to differentiate the formation-based combat from the individual duels so often found in his poems. The principles of shield wall and spear hedge were almost universally known among the armies of major civilizations throughout history, and so the similarities may be related to convergent evolution instead of diffusion.
Traditionally, historians date the origin of the hoplite phalanx of ancient Greece to the 8th century BC in Sparta , but this is under revision. It is perhaps more likely that the formation was devised in the 7th century BC after the introduction of the aspis by the city of Argos , which would have made the formation possible.
This is further evidenced by the Chigi vase , dated to BC, identifying hoplites armed with aspis, spear and panoply. Two of the basic strategies seen in earlier warfare include the principle of cohesion and the use of large groups of soldiers. This would suggest that the Greek phalanx was rather the culmination and perfection of a slowly developed idea that originated many years earlier. As weaponry and armour advanced through the years in different city-states, the phalanx became complex and effective.
Civil War, U.S.
But incredibly, three brave Western medics are calmly waging their own life and death struggle to save friend and foe alike. Iraqi special forces are closing in on the last remnants of ISIS in Mosul, fighting savage encounters in an area only the size of two football pitches. Read More The heroes are struggling to save friends and foes Image:
Between the years and , the United States engaged in a civil war, one of the most significant military confrontations in the young republic’s life.
Article 47 of the protocol provides the most widely accepted international definition of a mercenary, though not endorsed by some countries, including the United States. A mercenary shall not have the right to be a combatant or a prisoner of war. A mercenary is any person who: All the criteria a — f must be met, according to the Geneva Convention, for a combatant to be described as a mercenary.
That tribunal, using criteria in APGC77 or some equivalent domestic law, may decide that the soldier is a mercenary. At that juncture, the mercenary soldier becomes an unlawful combatant but still must be “treated with humanity and, in case of trial, shall not be deprived of the rights of fair and regular trial”, being still covered by GC IV Art 5. If, after a regular trial, a captured soldier is found to be a mercenary, then he can expect treatment as a common criminal and may face execution.
As mercenary soldiers may not qualify as PoWs, they cannot expect repatriation at war’s end. The best known post-World War II example of this was on 28 June when, at the end of the Luanda Trial , an Angolan court sentenced three Britons and an American to death and nine other mercenaries to prison terms ranging from 16 to 30 years. The four mercenaries sentenced to death were shot by a firing squad on 10 July While the United States governed Iraq, no U.
RIGHT SPEAK: The Child Soldiers Who Escaped ISIS
Some of these serendipitous finds had been sought after for centuries, but others were previously unknown and helped lead to radical reinterpretations of history. Below, get the stories behind seven chance encounters that led to the discovery of priceless historical relics. After shimmying down a stone shaft, the boys encountered a vast underground cavern whose walls were adorned with some 2, ancient paintings and engravings.
Jomah, a year-old Syrian who joined Islamic State last year, sat in a circle of trainees for a lesson in beheading, a course taught to boys as young as 8. Teachers brought in three frightened Syrian soldiers, who were jeered and forced to their knees. “It was like learning to chop an onion.
Curious as to what I was in for, and wanting some solid guidance, I went looking for advice on how to be a good Army girlfriend. Not sure how wise that was. What follows is some humble advice on how to cope with being the significant other of soldier. Dating a soldier is a commitment, and not one to be taken lightly. Read those web pages and top ten lists.
Then do some soul-searching. As soon as my guy used the g-word, I hit the keyboard and called my sister-in-law retired Army wife extraordinaire. Both gave me a wealth of knowledge I otherwise would not have had. Get used to being alone. Soldiers work long hours that they have absolutely no control over. They work weekends with little or no notice. Bases are often several towns or states away.
Prayer for Israeli Soldiers
Between the years and , the United States engaged in a civil war, one of the most significant military confrontations in the young republic’s life. The conflict dramatically altered the course of American society, eradicating the institution of slavery from the land and accelerating a number of social, economic, and political trends originating in other regions of the country. It also made lasting cultural impressions across imaginative and material American landscapes, including the gradual growth of a complex tourist industry built upon memory, patriotism, and consumerism, and the immediate expression of a deeply rooted, though politically sensitive, religious attachment to a distinctly southern way of life.
The Civil War, however, was a major turning point in American history for another reason as well:
Quilt History is the site you should turn to first for information on our quilting heritage. The List discusses antique quilts, methods and fabrics used and the life and times of the women who made them. Archives are available on line. This site has links to a number of other historical sites for those who want to research quilt related topics.
These massive structures not only boggle the human mind as to how they were constructed but their function and reliability are still a modern marvel. In fact, some aqueducts remain operational to this day. Walking through the modern city of Rome one will come across these monumental arched structures that often cross streets and avenues. Sometimes these arches are doubled and often ornately decorated.
Engineering, construction and maintenance of the aqueducts The Roman aqueducts not only provided drinking water for the Romans but indoor sewer systems that carried water away from the city and also supplied the bath houses with ample water, where the inhabitants of ancient Rome spent so much of their leisure time. The bulk of the Roman water system ran below the city, burrowed through miles of rock, and about 30 miles of above ground bridges and crossways the arches.
The entire system relied on various gradients and gravity to maintain a continuous flow. The water rushed from higher ground via the ducts and emptied into giant cisterns in the city. These cisterns then distributed the water through lead pipes which reached most of the city. Maintenance of the ducts was a constant job being tended to by first, a paid curator, and then often labour slaves. The Roman legions were also required to build and dig in areas far from the city of Rome itself as they proceeded to conquer and inhabit further regions of the empire.
The ducts were left in disrepair until the Renaissance when many were restored. There are eleven such aqueducts that supplied the ancient city of Rome, dating as early as B.
Have they “earned” it already? Well, how about it, Ranger snob? Army Soldiers all along beginning with combat arms, and to keep BLACK for Army Rangers many whom are infuriated bezerkoid that their sole ownership of the black color was taken away. Esperit de Corps is not reserved for just a few units to look good at the expense of everyone else, ALL Soldiers and units have their own colored distinctive beret and personalities that fits their mission profiles.
Investigating the Origin of the Ancient Jewish Community at Elephantine: A Review Ibrahim M. Omer Elephantine is an island in the Nile River, to the west of Aswan (on the eastern bank of the Nile).
Take a look at the First Church of AI. Beginning 1, to 2, years ago, what would become the Vatican began to emerge. It featured its own bank and works of art that still astound the imagination. Its supreme ruler, the pope, was and still is protected by mercenaries known as the Swiss Guards. With that in mind, what will the Church of AI look like in 2, years, or even or 20? The Atlantic fleshes the issue out here.
This video segment explains how the soldiers of the future will individually carry the firepower of an Abrams tank, feature cloaking and stealth capabilities, and so much more. Combat injuries will be healed through gene manipulation. Limbs will actually be regrown. Read about it here. Now our adversaries, quite frankly, are pursuing enhanced human operations, and it scares the crap out of us. If this is indeed the case, then when did it all begin? This possibly dystopian future is approaching with ever-increasing rapidity.